Identification and Expression of G Protein-Coupled Receptors

Identification and Expression of G Protein-Coupled Receptors

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Identification and Expression of G Protein-Coupled Receptors edited by Kevin R. Lynch The past decade has seen tremendous advances in the study of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), including the molecular cloning and identification of more than 100 GPCR genes. But while GPCRs serve as targets for more than 300 medicines in the modern pharmacopoeia, the shrinking pool of known ligands and the continuing discovery of orphan GPCR genes have underscored the need for new approaches to ligand identification. Identification and Expression of G Protein-Coupled Receptors addresses this new direction in GPCR biochemistry-offering a definitive laboratory bench manual that emphasizes expression over primary cloning strategies. In a series of expert contributions by well-known researchers, this book provides detailed protocols for various expression systems-from bacteria to mammalian cells-as well as straightforward opinions on the advantages and shortcomings of each approach. Topics covered include: * Homology screening and the polymerase chain reaction in the cloning of GPCR genes * Cloning of GPCRs using mammalian cell expression * GPCR informatics and the orphan problem * The use of Xenopus laevis oocytes for the study of GPCRs * Stable expression of GPCRs in mammalian cells * Heterologous expression in primary cell cultures * Expression of GPCRs in Escherichia coli * Large scale expression and purification of GPCRs in mammalian cells * High-level expression of GPCRs in the Baculovirus/Sf9 cell expression system * Expression of GPCRs in Drosophila Schneider 2 cells * Methods for genetic analysis and ligand identification using heterologous GPCRs expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae Supplemented with numerous photographs and illustrations, Identification and Expression of G Protein-Coupled Receptors is important reading for biochemists, pharmacologists, neuroscientists, structural biologists, and anyone involved in GPCR-based research. It delivers a wealth of useful advice, practical tips, and invaluable insight into trends at the cutting-edge of current research. Also in this series: Receptor Localization: Laboratory Methods and Procedures edited by Marjorie A. Ariano... transient vs. stable transfection, 102 purification of GPCR large-scale expression, 157a€“58 pDT expression vector 153, ... table, 29 protocols, 38a€“42 receptor detection assays, 42a€“47 research background, 28 stages in cloning strategy, 30 Manual ... Sequence Tags (ESTs) databases in, 63a€“64 UniGene service, 64a€“65 NDE96 solution, Xenopus laevis oocyte GPCR, ... stable transfection vector, 104 Nerve growth factor (NGF), heterologous gene expression, herpes simplex virus (HSV)anbsp;...

Title:Identification and Expression of G Protein-Coupled Receptors
Author: Kevin R. Lynch
Publisher:John Wiley & Sons - 1998

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